It has been around about four millennia for the world civilizations for celebrating and welcoming each New Year. The most of the festivities associated with the beginning of New Year marks with 31st December, New Year’s Eve which is the last and first day of the Gregorian calendar. We hope that you all are aware about those common traditions which are associated with this eve including special foods, attending parties, New Year resolutions and playing off with fireworks. But do you actually know that 1st January=, New Year Day is actually a new phenomenon? No? Earlier it was celebrated in the mid-March, around the time of vernal equinox. There have been various dates which are associated with the New Year Eve according to other different cultures. For instance, the Greeks celebrated this eve on Winter Solstice and the Persians, Egyptians and Phoenicians celebrated it with the beginning of Fall Equinox.
History and Origin of New Year Day
According to Early Roman calendar, 1st March marks the New Year Eve
The Early Roman calendar includes only 10 months with 1st March as New Year Day because March is being designated as the first month of the year. Even the month of March is still being reflected in the names of the months too. For instance, position seven is for September through the position tenth is for December.
From 153 B.C., January joined
In 153 B.C., Roman celebrated the New Year Eve for the first time on 1st January but in fact the month of January and February did not exist until 700 B.C. Since then, the New Year Day is being shifted from 1st March to 1st January and the reason behind its shift was the beginning of civil year i.e. the Roman consuls started their tenure for a year. 1st January was not widely observed and New Year Eve was still celebrated on 1st March.
According to Julian calendar, 1st January was officially designated as New Year Day
It was Julius Caesar who introduced Julian calendar which is basically a solar-based calendar in 46 B.C. this calendar was particularly a vast improvement of the Roman calendar which was initially designed on the lunar system and over the years became inaccurate as well. According to Julian calendar, it was ordained that 1st January will be marked as New Year Eve. Eventually, within and after the Roman World, 1st January was widely observed as the start of New Year.
During the middle ages, 1st January was abolished
It was believed that the celebrations associated with the New Year Eve to be ethnic as well as unchristian in medieval Europe which marked the abolishment of 1st January and after that it was celebrated on 25th December, birth of Jesus Christ along with 1st and 25th March, Feast of the Annunciation and Easter respectively.
According to Gregorian calendar, 1st January was restored
In 1583, the Gregorian calendar was reformed along with the restoration of 1st January as the New Year’s Day. Almost all the catholic countries adopted Gregorian calendar but till 1752, British didn’t adopt the reformed Gregorian calendar. Until then, the New Year Eve was celebrated in March itself.
We all know that New Year Eve is one of the widely observed global celebrations because it marks the beginning of a New Year, 31st December and New Year Day, 1st January according to Gregorian calendar. Numerous people celebrate this eve with greatly mixed emotions. Do you know what actually people do on this eve and about the public life? Come On! Let’s talk something about it.
How people celebrate New Year Eve?
Around the world, this day is being celebrated by all with mixed feelings as it is the end of the year which is gone by and simultaneously it’s a welcoming day of a new year. Sometimes, people do feel a sense of yearning because they reflect the events which they experienced in past 12 months. This is the time when people start thinking about taking resolutions.
Many people even celebrate this day by attending small get-togethers and night club parties or even few of them arrange gatherings at their personal places. Various other people even gather around the public venues. The size and theme of the festive farewell of the gone by year varies as some prefer to attend costume parties while some attend masquerade balls formerly.
Public Life on New Year’s Eve
31st December and 1st January of every year marks the end of the year gone by and beginning of a fresh year. These two inclusive dates are observed as a nationwide holiday but not a public holiday in many countries like United Kingdom, United States, Canada and Australia.
Symbols associated with New Year Eve
There have been numerous symbols symbolising the New Year Eve. The midnight between 31st December and 1st January is observed by the display of fireworks and crackers. People partying around raise a toast with sparkling wine or champagne.
“WE WISH YOU ALL A VERY HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR 2015!”